High performance wireless broadband: an opportunity for rural and enterprise 5G

Plum was commissioned jointly by UKWISPA[1] and INCA[2] to conduct an independent and updated assessment of the potential benefits of fixed wireless access (FWA) technologies, for provision of broadband services in the UK market. Our focus has been directed towards review of the performance levels available with modern commercially available FWA solutions. Within the study,[…]

Use cases, spectrum requirements and valuation of spectrum for private LTE

These reports examine use cases, spectrum requirements and valuation of spectrum for use by private LTE. The first report defines private LTE, considers environments where private LTE might be used focusing on industrial automation and identifies what spectrum these applications will need. To do this it sets out a methodology to characterise the identified private[…]

Wholesale local access charge control cost modelling – external review

Plum was appointed by Ofcom’s Competition Group (Financial and Economic Modelling Division) to carry out an external and independent review to assess the quality of a series of LRIC modelling workbooks and associated documents, in association with the wholesale local access charge control WLACC market review in the UK. Our work included a detailed review[…]

Defining a new regulatory regime for leased lines in Taiwan

In conjunction with TTC, Plum provided the NCC – the Taiwanese regulator – with three reports examining the current market for leased lines in Taiwan, providing input to a consultation on the appropriate regulatory mechanisms, and specifying how a regulatory cost model should be built. The leased line market in Taiwan has historically been regulated[…]

The Domino Effect – The Impact of Late Payments

This report examines the issue of late payments, which can have significant impacts on smaller businesses. Based on a survey of around 3000 companies across 11 countries, our analysis indicates that 11.0% of all invoices issued by SMEs are paid late, equivalent to a total of USD 1.01 trillion per year. Worse, 7.5% of invoices[…]

Flexible Spectrum Access Methods

This report, commissioned by the UK Spectrum Policy Forum, considers future flexible spectrum access methods.  Flexible access and spectrum sharing were key features of the UK Strategy Published in 2014. In this report we consider the state of play on spectrum access in the UK (from dedicated national licensing through to licence-exempt), techniques for enabling[…]

Effective telecoms regulation in the island states of the Caribbean

The telecommunications sector is characterised by substantial fixed costs and significant economies of scale. In a macrostate this usually does not matter because the main operators function at a point well above minimum efficient scale. But in a typical island state in the Caribbean the main operators usually operate at a point well below minimum[…]

Plum Insight: Ensuring value with Connected Capex

Whilst discounted-cash-flow methods are prevalent for project appraisal within many firms, overall performance, influenced by market pressures and managements’ own self interests, is often focused on short-term measures such as quarterly earnings. In this Insight paper, we examine the efficacy of capital investment in the telco industry; by definition, ‘investment’ suggests a focus on the[…]

Sweating the Small Stuff – the impact of the bureaucracy burden

This report examines the impacts of administration – including that caused by regulation – on SMEs, particularly looking at how much effort and cost these companies have to spend to comply with requirements. Across the eleven countries studied, the the size of the administrative burden varies considerably, but, on average, requires around 120 man-days and[…]