The economic value of spectrum use in Europe

Plum provided the GSMA with independent estimates of the economic value of eight major applications of spectrum. These applications included mobile services, wireless LANs, terrestrial broadcasting, and satellite broadcasting. The consumer surplus generated by these applications was estimated across the EU 27 member states in 2013 and 2023.  In each case the methodology and assumptions were specified in a transparent manner so that others could reproduce the findings.