Digital Sovereignty: the overlap and conflict between states, enterprise and citizens

Digital sovereignty is an umbrella term that refers to the ability to exercise control over digital assets, such as data, content or digital infrastructure, or over the use of those assets. While this concept has arguably existed for decades, it has gained a new currency for a number of reasons, including concerns about state surveillance,[…]

Review of Standard Operating Procedures for spectrum investigation in Ireland

Plum carried out a project to review the operating procedures of the Spectrum Investigation and Enforcement teams of the Commission for Communications Regulation Ireland (ComReg) and to produce a new operational procedures handbook for use by ComReg Spectrum enforcement staff. The handbook covered areas of Compliance checking, Interference Investigation, Enforcement procedures, Health and Safety, Administration,[…]

Not just the economy, stupid: a holistic approach to spectrum assignment

Sustainable economic growth requires an interplay between all domains of a country’s structural organisation – that is, its politics, its economy, and its society. Government and regulatory policy need to take account of all of these domains for it to be optimal. However, in several important areas, these interconnections are not accounted for – this[…]

Challenges of World Radio Conference studies: 10 GHz spectrum

The outcome of the World Radio Conference 2019 (WRC-19) has now been disseminated, changes to regulations and technical licence conditions are being implemented and spectrum awarded. Attention is now turning to the agenda items identified for the next World Radio Conference, scheduled for 2023 (WRC-23). Preparatory work will be starting within ITU-R, as well as[…]

Mapping online advertising issues, and industry and regulatory initiatives

Report co-authored with Stephen Adshead Online advertising is now the largest advertising medium by expenditure in the UK, exceeding TV and print. In 2019 it accounted for more than £13 billion expenditure in the UK and had a growth rate of 15% year on year. As the online advertising market has grown, concerns around consumer-[…]

Developing effective competition in the telecommunication sector of the KSA through functional separation

Plum undertook a major study to assess the effects of separating the dominant telecommunications operators in the KSA and to make appropriate recommendations. The purpose of the study was to study mechanisms for applying separation of the dominant service provider to limit the discrimination against competitors to access wholesale services. The project involved a thorough[…]

Functional separation of Telmex

Plum carried out a major programme of work in Mexico to help América Móvil develop its plan for the functional separation of Telmex, its fixed access network business, in response to a request from the Mexican telecoms regulator. This engagement was with the full support of the Mexican regulator, the IFT. Plum set up a[…]

Status of 5G field trials for connected and autonomous vehicles in Europe and North America

Plum produced a report for the Telecom Technology Center on the status of field trials involving connected and autonomous vehicles (CAVs) in Europe and North America. The report provided a selection of case studies involving the use of cellular technology (4G/5G) in developing: vehicle-to-everything technologies enabling interaction with infrastructure, other vehicles, networks and pedestrians; and[…]