Mobile network termination: calling time on 2G and 3G

As operators start planning their 5G deployment, one important question that should not be overlooked is what should be done about existing 2G and 3G networks. The rationale for phasing out legacy networks is to ensure that spectrum is refarmed to the most efficient technology and by doing so reduce operating costs and optimise the[…]

Study on using millimetre wave bands for the deployment of the 5G ecosystem in the EU

mmWave is one of the new frequency ranges identified for use by 5G. This report by iDate and Plum considers the state of play and the prospects for the use of mmWave spectrum in the EU and identifies issues for demand, coexistence and authorisation of mmWave spectrum identified for 5G. While the report considers a[…]

Regulating for full fibre rollout in the UK

This paper provides a case study on how the UK is attempting to incentivise full fibre rollout (whereby every premises has a direct fibre connection), and the challenges which these proposals pose. In the past, the UK was the first to introduce the ideas of anchor product pricing and wholesale pricing freedoms. These were subsequently[…]

Technical and commercial diligence for a fixed wireless operator

We provided a diligence review for a private equity firm in support of a funding deal with a UK-based fixed wireless operator. Our work included management dialogue, review of dataroom materials, market assessment, technology architecture and dimensioning, and cost assessment. A report on risk assessment was presented to investors to advise on progressing the deal.

Spectrum allocation practices research

Plum conducted a research study for the Australian regulator ACMA to examine the international practices on the award of high-value spectrum, particularly for mobile use. The research covered a variety of award mechanisms adopted by regulators in other jurisdictions, including auctions, comparative tenders, administrative awards and hybrid formats. The outcomes of the awards were then[…]

Plum Insight – Balancing act: regulating space services

Understanding the regulations adopted by national regulators for the authorisation of space services can be a challenging task. Over the years, various authorisation schemes have evolved and been adopted in different countries. However, by its very nature, the space sector requires international cooperation, and the lack of standardisation has resulted in different requirements for the[…]