Expanding digital connectivity through satellite broadband in the 28 GHz band

This Plum paper considers the importance of the 28 GHz band (27.5-29.5 GHz) for satellite use in Asia Pacific. Next-generation high throughput satellite (HTS) systems are capable of delivering gigabit connectivity and the 28 GHz band is a key enabler to achieving this. For emerging Asian markets satellite deployments in the Ka-band can contribute to[…]

The role of spectrum policy in tackling the climate change issue

The UK Spectrum Policy Forum (techUK), an industry-led organisation that advises the regulator and the government, has commissioned Plum to conduct a study on the potential impact of spectrum policy on combatting climate change. The report shows that spectrum policies can have a significant positive environmental impact and that policymakers must put green issues at[…]

The future use of UHF in ITU Region 1

Plum carried out an independent study, commissioned by the GSA, looking at the current and future use of UHF spectrum in ITU Region 1, focusing in particular on spectrum bands between 470 MHz and 862 MHz.  The report looked at all users of the spectrum, first considering the demand for mobile broadband and other telecommunications[…]

Digital ecosystem – Context and market review

In order to support AFD in its prospecting for funding in certain countries, Plum carried out a study of the digital and telecom ecosystems of Myanmar, Uzbekistan, Bangladesh, Nigeria and Ivory Coast. The study provides a review of the legal and regulatory framework, the existing national infrastructures, the leading entities as well as the potential[…]

C-band spectrum award in Bahrain

The overall objective of this project was to design and implement the award of the C-band (3400-3700 MHz) spectrum in Bahrain. In order to deliver the project, Plum considered a range of market, technology, policy, and regulatory factors. Potential use of the spectrum was examined alongside competition and social welfare concerns, and industry was extensively[…]

Privacy implications of an automated cyber-security system – with or without the human loop

‘Star Wars’ is the classic example of a symbiotic human-machine relationship. The ‘force’ guided the human actions which were supported by data driven inputs from the ‘droids’. Being guided by the ‘force’ is nothing but human ability to use our intuition and exercise judgement. Though a work of fiction, the classic, might have essential food[…]

Valuation of spectrum in the 2600 MHz band

Following a spectrum transaction in New Zealand, Spark required an updated value of its 2600 MHz spectrum holdings for use in its statutory accounts. Plum undertook a benchmarking exercise using its extensive database of international auction results, making adjustments for national income and licence periods. We then provided Spark with a guide on how results[…]

Digital Sovereignty: the overlap and conflict between states, enterprise and citizens

Digital sovereignty is an umbrella term that refers to the ability to exercise control over digital assets, such as data, content or digital infrastructure, or over the use of those assets. While this concept has arguably existed for decades, it has gained a new currency for a number of reasons, including concerns about state surveillance,[…]