Study on using millimetre wave bands for the deployment of the 5G ecosystem in the EU

mmWave is one of the new frequency ranges identified for use by 5G. This report by iDate and Plum considers the state of play and the prospects for the use of mmWave spectrum in the EU and identifies issues for demand, coexistence and authorisation of mmWave spectrum identified for 5G. While the report considers a[…]

Spectrum allocation practices research

Plum conducted a research study for the Australian regulator ACMA to examine the international practices on the award of high-value spectrum, particularly for mobile use. The research covered a variety of award mechanisms adopted by regulators in other jurisdictions, including auctions, comparative tenders, administrative awards and hybrid formats. The outcomes of the awards were then[…]

Plum Insight – Balancing act: regulating space services

Understanding the regulations adopted by national regulators for the authorisation of space services can be a challenging task. Over the years, various authorisation schemes have evolved and been adopted in different countries. However, by its very nature, the space sector requires international cooperation, and the lack of standardisation has resulted in different requirements for the[…]

Support on 400 MHz spectrum

Plum Consulting provided support to ComReg on their proposed release of the 410-415.5 / 420-425.5 MHz sub band. In particular Plum considered the potential uses of the spectrum including further spectrum for PMR, PPDR, smart metering, IoT networks and smart grids. The study considered spectrum requirements for the different services and availability of other frequencies.[…]

Economic assessment of frequency bands for IMT services in Kosovo

This Plum study for the Kosovo regulator ARKEP involved the valuation of the frequency bands for IMT services. Benchmarking and econometric analysis were carried out to derive the market value of six bands (800, 900, 1800, 2100, 2600 and 3500 MHz) and recommendations were provided on the appropriate auction reserve prices and spectrum fees, taking[…]

Spectrum Management in the Falkland Islands

Plum undertook a study for Falkland Islands Communications Regulator to develop a framework for the management of radio spectrum to meet the provisions set out in Part 6 of the Communications Ordinance 2017. The study considers the requirement for a spectrum plan, requirements for licensing the use of radio frequencies and handling of pre-existing usage[…]

Use cases, spectrum requirements and valuation of spectrum for private LTE

These reports examine use cases, spectrum requirements and valuation of spectrum for use by private LTE. The first report defines private LTE, considers environments where private LTE might be used focusing on industrial automation and identifies what spectrum these applications will need. To do this it sets out a methodology to characterise the identified private[…]