Plum Insight – Balancing act: regulating space services

Understanding the regulations adopted by national regulators for the authorisation of space services can be a challenging task. Over the years, various authorisation schemes have evolved and been adopted in different countries. However, by its very nature, the space sector requires international cooperation, and the lack of standardisation has resulted in different requirements for the[…]

Economic assessment of frequency bands for IMT services in Kosovo

This Plum study for the Kosovo regulator ARKEP involved the valuation of the frequency bands for IMT services. Benchmarking and econometric analysis were carried out to derive the market value of six bands (800, 900, 1800, 2100, 2600 and 3500 MHz) and recommendations were provided on the appropriate auction reserve prices and spectrum fees, taking[…]

Spectrum Management in the Falkland Islands

Plum undertook a study for Falkland Islands Communications Regulator to develop a framework for the management of radio spectrum to meet the provisions set out in Part 6 of the Communications Ordinance 2017. The study considers the requirement for a spectrum plan, requirements for licensing the use of radio frequencies and handling of pre-existing usage[…]

Use cases, spectrum requirements and valuation of spectrum for private LTE

These reports examine use cases, spectrum requirements and valuation of spectrum for use by private LTE. The first report defines private LTE, considers environments where private LTE might be used focusing on industrial automation and identifies what spectrum these applications will need. To do this it sets out a methodology to characterise the identified private[…]

Flexible Spectrum Access Methods

This report, commissioned by the UK Spectrum Policy Forum, considers future flexible spectrum access methods.  Flexible access and spectrum sharing were key features of the UK Strategy Published in 2014. In this report we consider the state of play on spectrum access in the UK (from dedicated national licensing through to licence-exempt), techniques for enabling[…]

Review of licence fees in the Australian 17.3-51.4 GHz band

Plum was engaged by the Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA) to review the current taxes for the Ka (17.3-51.4 GHz) spectrum band, and to investigate how existing taxation arrangements could be improved. Plum concluded that the Ka band was unlikely to become congested in the near future, and that many frequency bands have witnessed[…]

PPDR transformation centre

Plum was part of a consortium examining all aspects of Public Protection and Disaster Relief (PPDR) systems under European research programme FP7. Plum was involved in the development of the reference usage scenarios with the aim of identifying the typical current and anticipated future operational scenarios faced by PPDR operatives and the related communications needs,[…]