Satellite filing and regulatory processes

Plum produced two research reports on satellite filing and associated regulatory processes to support a client on the development of its strategy for next-generation wireless communications. The first report examined the regulations and processes for securing access to spectrum and orbital positions for satellite services, including case studies on Starlink (SpaceX) and OneWeb. The second[…]

Expanding digital connectivity through satellite broadband in the 28 GHz band

This Plum paper considers the importance of the 28 GHz band (27.5-29.5 GHz) for satellite use in Asia Pacific. Next-generation high throughput satellite (HTS) systems are capable of delivering gigabit connectivity and the 28 GHz band is a key enabler to achieving this. For emerging Asian markets satellite deployments in the Ka-band can contribute to[…]

C-band spectrum award in Bahrain

The overall objective of this project was to design and implement the award of the C-band (3400-3700 MHz) spectrum in Bahrain. In order to deliver the project, Plum considered a range of market, technology, policy, and regulatory factors. Potential use of the spectrum was examined alongside competition and social welfare concerns, and industry was extensively[…]

Valuation of spectrum in the 2600 MHz band

Following a spectrum transaction in New Zealand, Spark required an updated value of its 2600 MHz spectrum holdings for use in its statutory accounts. Plum undertook a benchmarking exercise using its extensive database of international auction results, making adjustments for national income and licence periods. We then provided Spark with a guide on how results[…]

Study on using millimetre wave bands for the deployment of the 5G ecosystem in the EU

mmWave is one of the new frequency ranges identified for use by 5G. This report by iDate and Plum considers the state of play and the prospects for the use of mmWave spectrum in the EU and identifies issues for demand, coexistence and authorisation of mmWave spectrum identified for 5G. While the report considers a[…]

Spectrum allocation practices research

Plum conducted a research study for the Australian regulator ACMA to examine the international practices on the award of high-value spectrum, particularly for mobile use. The research covered a variety of award mechanisms adopted by regulators in other jurisdictions, including auctions, comparative tenders, administrative awards and hybrid formats. The outcomes of the awards were then[…]

Spectrum Management in the Falkland Islands

Plum undertook a study for Falkland Islands Communications Regulator to develop a framework for the management of radio spectrum to meet the provisions set out in Part 6 of the Communications Ordinance 2017. The study considers the requirement for a spectrum plan, requirements for licensing the use of radio frequencies and handling of pre-existing usage[…]

Use cases, spectrum requirements and valuation of spectrum for private LTE

These reports examine use cases, spectrum requirements and valuation of spectrum for use by private LTE. The first report defines private LTE, considers environments where private LTE might be used focusing on industrial automation and identifies what spectrum these applications will need. To do this it sets out a methodology to characterise the identified private[…]